Governmental revenues from environmental taxes in member states of the EU reached a total of EUR 364.4 billion in 2016, compared to EUR 296.5 billion in 2006. In this period, the share of environmental taxes in the total of taxes dropped from 6.4 percent in 2006 to 6.3 percent in 2016, according to data from Eurostat.
Taxes on energy accounted for more than three quarters of the total revenues from environmental taxes (76.9 percent of the total), well ahead of the taxes on transport (19.7 percent) and those on pollution and resources (3.4 percent).
The proportion of environmental taxes in total revenues from taxes and social contribution varied significantly across the EU member states. Romania ranks among the first member states, with a 9 percent share of environmental taxes.
Latvia had the highest share of environmental taxes in 2016 (11.7 percent). At the opposite end of the scale, Luxembourg (4.6 percent), Germany (4.8 percent) and France (4.9 percent) recorded the lowest shares of environmental taxes.