Romania’s National Integrity System has not undergone significant improvement since 2005, according to the 2010 NIS study. The legal and institutional settings fail at providing practical applications, although the premises for the fight against corruption exist. It seems that, since the EU accession, legal improvements were limited by a poor implementation of laws.
The study ranks the 15 pillars of the Romanian national integrity system as below the theoretical average score. There are four groups of pillars, according to their scores. The first group comprises well-governed, but un-influential pillars, which is the case of the Ombudsman, the Court of Accounts, or the electoral management body. The second group includes influential, but rather poor governed pillars, such as The Executive and the media. The third group refers to pillars with rather good capacity, but with an unsatisfactory influence within the national integrity system, as the public contracting system, the business sector and the legislature. Finally, overall underperforming pillars are found in the fourth group, such as the local government, the judiciary and the law enforcement agencies.
The National Integrity System (NIS) has been developed and promoted by Transparency International as part of its approach to countering corruption, providing a framework which anti-corruption organizations can use to analyze both the extent and causes of corruption in a given country, as well as the effectiveness of national anti-corruption efforts.
The study “Transparency International – 10 Years of Art in Integrity” succeeds the 2005 edition and aims to present a comprehensive description of the current state of affairs of the Romanian public institutions and sectors, with regard to accountability, integrity and transparency. The report provides evaluation instruments, that complete TI’s global indexes and surveys (such as the Corruption Perception Index, the Bribe Payers’ Index and the Global Corruption Barometer).