Five out of Romania’s eight development regions have been listed among the poorest 21 in the European Union in 2014, according to data from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. Only the Ilfov-Bucharest, West and Center regions were not included in this list of regions whose GDP per capita is below 50 percent of the EU average.
The ranking is based on regional GDP per capita, expressed in terms of purchasing power standards. In 2014 this ranged from 30 percent of EU’s average in the Bulgarian region of Severozapaden, to 539 percent of the average in Inner London – West in the United Kingdom, shows the Eurostat data.
The leading regions in the ranking of regional GDP per capita in 2014, after Inner London – West in the United Kingdom (539 percent of the average), were the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (266 percent), Bruxelles/Brussel in Belgium (207 percent), Hamburg in Germany (206 percent), Inner London – East in the United Kingdom (204 percent) and Bratislava in Slovakia (186 percent).
There were 21 regions with GDP per capita 50 percent or more above the EU average: five were in Germany, three each in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, two in Austria, one each in Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Ireland, France, Slovakia and Sweden, as well as the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. After Severozapaden in Bulgaria (30 percent) the lowest regions in the ranking were Mayotte in France (31 percent), Yuzhen tsentralen (32 percent) and Severen tsentralen (34 percent) in Bulgaria and Nord-Est in Romania (34 percent).
Among the 21 regions with GDP per capita below 50 percent of the EU average, five each were in Bulgaria, Poland and Romania, four in Hungary, and one each in Greece and France. Eurostat noted, however, that in some regions the GDP per capita figures could be significantly influenced by commuter flows. Net commuter inflows in these regions push up production to a level that could not be achieved by the resident active population on its own. There is a corresponding effect in regions with commuter outflows.