The automation and robotization of activities in industry and other sectors stimulate the creation of jobs and the rise of salaries, found a study by the European Centre for Economic Research (ZEW).
Using Germany as an example, the study shows that the country had the lowest unemployment rate in history as well as the highest number of robots: 309 for every 10,000 workers. The study also confirms the developments in Eastern Europe and Romania, where robotization has led to a reduction in unemployment and an increase in salaries.
Employment has grown by 1 percent in Germany due to the automation process, and the trend will continue until 2021 with a growth of almost 2 percent, according to ZEW. The productivity of workers has increased by around 15 percent after the introduction of new automation solutions.
The study also finds that the automation and digitalization of companies do not lead to reductions in staff, but their lack of competitiveness does, as it causes them to reduce costs at the expense of employees.
The developments in Eastern Europe reflect the model found in developed countries – states in the region have very low unemployment rates, and industrial production is growing every year.
As for the number of installed robots for every 10,000 employees, Slovakia and Slovenia are above the global average of 74 robots for 10,000 employees, with over 130 units. The Czech Republic has 100, while Hungary has 60 and Poland has 30 robots.
Estimations by Universal Robots show that Romania still has a low density of 15 robots per 10,000 employees, and in the following years it needs over 10,000 robots in order to remain competitive in the region.