In 2017, more than 95 percent of children in the European Union (EU) were considered by other household members to be in good or very good general health. This percentage changes only slightly by age group, from 96.5 percent for those aged under five, to 95.9 percent for those aged five to nine and 95.2 percent for those aged ten to fifteen. The percentage of children whose general health was considered to be bad or very bad was under 1 percent for all age groups, according to Eurostat.
Less than 5 percent of children in the EU in 2017 were considered to have limitations in activities due to health problems: 3.7 percent with moderate limitations and 1.2 percent with severe limitations.
The proportion facing each category of limitations in activity increases with age. Among those aged under five, 2.2 percent had moderate and 0.6 percent had severe limitations in activities, while for those aged five to nine the proportions were 4.1 percent and 1.2 percent respectively and 4.4 percent and 1.6 percent for those aged ten to fifteen.
Romania ranked first among the countries whose children were reported to be in very good and good health, with 99.4 percent overall for all age groups under 16 years old.
In 2017, the percentage of children aged under five considered to be in good or very good health ranged from 92.4 percent in Estonia to more than 99 percent in Bulgaria, Malta, Romania and Italy.
Among children aged five to nine, the proportion of those considered to be in good or very good health was lowest in Portugal (89.3 percent) and Latvia (91.2 percent) and highest in Romania (99.8 percent), Cyprus (98.9 percent), Italy (98.8 percent) and Greece (98.7 percent).
Among those aged ten to fifteen, the percentage considered to be in good or very good health varied from below 90 percent in Latvia (88.0 percent), Portugal (88.7 percent) and Estonia (89.6 percent) to above 98 percent in Romania (99.1 percent), Italy (98.4 percent) and Bulgaria (98.2 percent).
In nearly all Member States, less than 1 percent of children under five have severe limitations in activity due to health problems In 2017, among children aged under five, the percentage considered to have severe limitations in activity due to health problems was under 1 percent in all Member States except the United Kingdom (1.1 percent), Belgium (1.4 percent), Finland (1.5 percent) and Austria (1.6 percent).
For moderate limitations in activity there was greater variation between Member States, ranging from less than 1 percent in Italy (0.2 percent), Cyprus (0.6 percent), Malta (0.7 percent) and Bulgaria (0.9 percent) to 4.9 percent in Denmark, 7.8 percent in Lithuania, 8.6 percent in Latvia.
For children aged five to nine, the proportion with severe limitations in activity was highest in the United Kingdom (3.7 percent), Denmark (2.4 percent), Luxembourg (2.3 percent) and Hungary (2.2 percent), and lowest in Italy and Bulgaria (both 0.3 percent). Moderate limitations in activity ranged from 0.2 percent in Italy and 0.9 percent in Greece to 7.9 percent in Finland, 8.3 percent in Lithuania, 8.4 percent in Estonia and 11.9 percent in Latvia.
Among those aged ten to fifteen, proportions with severe limitations in activity ranged from 0.1 percent in Lithuania to 2.9 percent in Luxembourg and 4.7 percent in the United Kingdom, while moderate limitations varied between 0.7 percent in Slovakia and 0.8 percent in Italy and Cyprus to 10.9 percent in Denmark, 11.4 percent in Finland and 13.5 percent in Latvia.
In Romania, only 0.4 percent of children aged under 16 were reported to have severe limitations in activity due to health issues.