Romania’s resident population has decreased by 110,700 in 2015, mainly due to demographic decline and emigration, data published by the National Institute of Statistics (INS) on Monday shows. On January 2016, Romania’s resident population counted 19.76 million.
Compared to last year, in 2016 the number of residents decreased by 110,700 people, while the number of inhabitants decreased by 75,655 only because of democratic decline, meaning the difference between the number of deaths and births.
According to the INS data, emigration is another important factor that contributed to the demographic decline. “Romania continues to be a country of emigration. In 2015 the balance of international emigration was negative, the number of emigrants exceeding the number of immigrants with almost 58,000 people,” the INS press release shows.
According to the INS surveys published in 2015, 129.534 residents from other countries moved their residence to Romania, while 187, 466 emigrants moved their residence to other countries. Statistics do not provide further details about the citizenship of immigrants or emigrants.
Romania has 10.63 million urban inhabitants
On January 2016, Romania counted 10.63 million urban inhabitants, representing 53.8 percent of the total population. In the past year, the aging process of the Romanian population accelerated. “The demographic aging phenomenon accentuated, with the gap between the population group aged 65 and young people aged 0-14 increased to almost 400,000 people,” the INS shows.
In practice, for every 3.436 million elderly people, in Romania there are only 3.059 children aged at 14 or older. On January 2016, in Romania there were only 1,593 people aged at least 100, 1,147 of them being women.
Monthly INS reports show that in the first half of 2016, Romania’s population decreased by 43, 097 inhabitants due to demographic decline. In the EU, Romania ranks third among countries with the biggest demographic decline, after Germany (-187,000 in 2015) and Italy (-161,800).
Among EU Member States, Bulgaria recorded the largest population decline ( natural increase -6.2 to 1,000 inhabitants), Croatia (-4), Hungary (-4) and Romania (-3.8), according to Eurostat. The experts are forecasting a demographic decline in Romania in the past few decades. Thus, Romania’s population will reach 14.5 million inhabitants by 2050, a 2015 report by the United Nations shows.