Romania will not register a development of large scale projects on biomass and small hydro plants, but biogas might be one of the fields that could attract investments in the next decade, according to the energy strategy, covering the 2016-2030 period, which was put up for debate by the Ministry of Energy.
“The development of the large scale capacities based on biomass or of small hydro plants is improbable up to 2030, with the unused reserve set to be exploited in conditions of maximum efficiency on the long term. However, the usage of biogas and of waste will see a significant growth in cogeneration capacities,” according to the strategy.
The document further points out that the access to the current support scheme for renewable projects will be closed at the end of this year, so new investments in solar, solar, small hydro plants and biomass are improbable in the 2017-2020 period, with the exception of projects that are backed by EU funds.
The government estimates that 1,500 of fresh wind capacities and another 1,400 MW of solar installations could be rolled out in the 2020-2030 under the scenario with low capital costs and no support scheme.
“The alternative if the capital costs remain high which discourages the installation of new renewable energy capacities (SRE) in the absence of a support scheme will see Romania end up with a dilemma. On one hand, given the lower living standards in Romania, the introduction of a new support scheme for renewable energy is not justified, especially going towards 2030, when the effects of the current scheme, based on green certificates, would have diminished after 15 years from the recent entry in production of the new SRE capacities. On the other hand, keeping Romania in the group of member states attractive for SRE investments can bring an advantage to investments in the related industry of energy transition – the manufacturing of components and spare parts for wind turbines, solar and photovoltaic panels, electric cars, respectively material and equipment for increasing the energy efficiency,” says the strategy.
However, the strategy says that Romania should build two new nuclear reactors at Cernavoda, claiming that the country can attract in this way energy intensive investors, such as steel makers that seek stable sources of electricity at lower prices.