Elon Musk estimates that SpaceX will begin construction of the first base on Mars in 2028, four years after the new BFR rocket will carry the first passengers on the Red Planet.
In the meantime, Musk announced the name of the first tourist to fly around the Moon aboard the BFR, scheduled for 2023. The Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa will be accompanied by eight artists, and he will finance their travel costs.
The money will help finance the interplanetary BFR (Big Falcon Rocket) transport system.
The system, made up of a large space ship and a 100% reusable rocket propulsion system, is designed to replace the current Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy and Dragon of SpaceX rockets.
The first trip to Mars estimated for 2022
The main mission of the BFR is the colonization of Mars, whose first step will be the transport of equipment and materials to build a permanent base on the planet in 2022. A second BFR trip to Mars, this time aboard a human crew, is scheduled for 2024.
At this stage, are scheduled the construction of a fuel repository and the preparation for future human crew missions.
The missiles used for these initial missions will also serve as the foundation of the first Mars base, which would be transformed over time into a colony for a civilization capable of sustaining itself.
According to Musk, the effective construction of the Martian base will most likely start in 2028.