In the fourth quarter of 2015, Romania had a job vacancies rate of 1.21 percent, experiencing a slight increase compared to the previous quarter, according to data published by the National Statistics Institute (INS). The total number of job vacancies was 54,700, an increase of 2,200 from the previous quarter.
Compared to the same quarter of 2014, the vacancies rate went up by 0.30 percent, which translates into an increase in the number of job vacancies of 15,000.
The highest vacancies rates in the fourth quarter of 2015 were registered in public administration (3.24 percent), human health and social work activities (2.49 percent), and in other service activities (2.48 percent), says the INS data. In total, the budgetary sector summed up over one third of the number of job vacancies, with 8,200 registered in public administration, 7,600 in human health and social work activities, and 2,700 in education.
On the other hand, the lowest values for both the rate and the number of job vacancies in the fourth quarter of 2015 were found in mining and quarrying (0.14 percent and 100 vacancies, respectively), followed by electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply with 0.26 percent and 200 vacancies.
Looking at the previous quarter of 2015, the most significant increases in the job vacancies rate were registered in agriculture, forestry and fishing (0.41 percent), and in professional, scientific, and technical activities (0.35 percent). Regarding the number of vacancies, the highest increases were found in human health and social work activities (1,000 more), and in wholesale (500 more).
At the opposite end, the most significant decrease for both the rate and the number of vacancies was noticed in public administration, minus 0.14 percent and 300 job vacancies less, respectively.
In terms of the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to the same quarter of the previous year, increases in the job vacancies rate were registered in human health and social work activities (0.67 percent), followed by agriculture, forestry, and fishing (0.63 percent), with the only decrease in the rate being for other service activities (minus 0.02 percent). The number of vacancies, however, increased in all economic activities, the most important changes being noticed for manufacturing (3,600 more vacancies) and wholesale (2,700 more vacancies), as detailed in the INS data.
In the fourth quarter of 2015, the highest demand for paid labour expressed by employers through both the rate and the number of job vacancies was for specialists in various fields (1.64 percent and 16,000 job vacancies, respectively), while the lowest demand was for skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers (0.54 percent and 100 job vacancies), and for managers (0.75 percent and 2,300 job vacancies, respectively).
Compared to the same quarter of 2014, the vacancies rate increased for service and sale workers (0.46 percent) and for elementary occupations (0.45 percent), while the number of vacancies increased for professionals (3,800 more vacancies), elementary occupations and service and sales workers (3,300 more vacancies each). The only decrease for both rate and number of vacancies was registered by clerical support workers, minus 0.07 percent and 200 job vacancies less, respectively.