About 81 percent of Romanian employers face difficulties in filling vacancies, according to the ManpowerGroup 2016 Talent Deficit Survey, a survey made with a representative sample of 625 employers. Our country ranks second in the world in terms of the share of employers facing the talent shortage, being overtaken only by Japan, where 89 percent of employers have problems filling vacancies. Globally, the share of employers affected by talent shortages is 45 percent, the highest in the 12-year history of the global study.
The difficulties in filling vacancies are more widespread than in the past, the share of Romanian employers experiencing such difficulties being 9 percentage points above that reported in the 2016/2017 edition of the Talent Deficit Survey, when 72 percent of Romanian employers said they were affected. The spread of difficulties varies according to the size of the organization, affecting 9 out of 10 large organizations with over 250 employees (91 percent), but only 67 percent of micro-organizations (with less than 10 employees).
Not only the share of employers affected is higher than in the past, exceeding all the values reported in the 10 years of study in Romania (2008-2018), but also the degree of difficulty in filling the jobs, 36 percent of employers indicating that they are more hard to hire people than in 2016, and 56 percent think the degree of difficulty is similar. Only 6 percent find it easier to find people than in the past.
According to employers, the main causes of the difficulties are the insufficient number of candidates available on the market (41 percent), the lack of specific skills (22 percent) and lack of experience for the job (16 percent). 15 percent of employers say the candidates financial expectations are higher than the offer.
As in the past, craftsmen (especially electricians, welders and mechanics) and engineers (mostly chemical engineers, civil engineers, and mechanical engineers) occupy the top two places in the top roles for heavy staff, followed by drivers, especially truck drivers, courier, machine tools and public transport. Locations 4 and 5 include sales representatives and IT staff, especially cyber security experts, network administrators, and technical support staff. In the top for the first time and medical staff (9th place on the list of difficulties), both doctors and assistants, as well as other roles. Different types of professionals, such as researchers, project managers or lawyers (7th place), as well as managers and directors (8th place) are also hard to find.
Most jobs for which demand is on the rise require a medium level of post-secondary education and specialization, but not necessarily university studies.