According to data from the National Institute of Statistics (INS), Germany, France and Italy are the top 3 countries that control enterprise subgroups in Romania.
In 2016, 78,181 enterprise groups were identified, of which 5,311 are resident groups and 72,870 are multinational groups (271 controlled from inside the country, and 72,599 from abroad).
Of all the enterprise groups identified in Romania, around 7 percent were resident, and almost 90 percent of them were made up of two or three legal units.
Most enterprise groups in Romania operate in trade, construction, manufacturing or professional, scientific and technical activities.
According to the share of the number of employees, most enterprise subgroups in Romania are controlled from Germany (17.1 percent), France (12.7 percent) and Italy (10 percent).
In 2016, of the total foreign multinational enterprises identified in Romania, 13,867 are groups controlled by foreign entities and 58,732 are controlled by foreign individuals.
According to the share of the number of employees in total foreign-controlled multinational enterprise groups, the enterprise subgroups controlled from Germany predominantly operate in manufacturing, wholesale and retail, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles and professional, scientific and technical activities.
Regarding the enterprise subgroups controlled from France, 6.2 percent are found in manufacturing, wholesale and retail, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles.
The enterprise subgroups controlled from Italy dominate in manufacturing.