The Romanian government promises to increase public investment by 36 percent this year compared with 2018 up to around EUR 10 billion after year of declining spending on infrastructure and other key-areas like health and education.
The budget project increases the public investment spending by 36 percent in 2019 compared with 2018, up to RON 46.8 billion (around EUR 10 billion).
This public investment represents 4.57 percent of the estimated GDP but during the last few years real public investment at the end of the year was much lower than the projected value.
The government says that public investment in 2019 will be allocated to transport infrastructure (RON 5.6 billion), local development programme (RON 2.5 billion), National Investment Company (1.1 billion) or defense companies (RON 200 million).
There is no information about most of the investment spending (more than RON 36 billion) in the budget presentation sent to media by the Finance Ministry.
Public revenue has been estimated at 33,4 percent of GDP, a six years record high. According to the state budget, total value of public revenues will reach RON 341,4 billion.
The Government has estimated that most revenues will come out of social security contributions (11.5 percent of GDP, higher by 1.4 percent of GDP compared to 2018), VAT collection (6.8 percent of GDP, same as 2018), excise (3 percent of GDP lower by 0.3 percent of GDP compared to 2018), payroll and revenue tax (2.3 percent of GDP, same as 2018). The draft doesn’t specify the source for 9.8 percent of GDP worth of revenue.
The government has imposed, starting this year, a new 2 percent turnover tax for all Telecom, Energy companies and Banks in Romania.
The government estimates that Romania’s GDP will grow by 5.5 percent in 2019 up to RON 1.022.5 billion (EUR 218.9 billion), or EUR 11,306 per inhabitant, from EUR 204.1 billion (EUR 10,476 /inhabitant) in 2018.
But many analysts expect a slowdown of economic growth rate in 2019 to maximum 3 percent following the introduction of new taxes on banks, energy and telecom firms.
According to the government, the inflation will slow down to 2.8 percent at the end of this year (2.8 percent on annual average), compared with 3.3 percent (4.6 percent annual average) in 2018.
The Romanian Ministry of Finance also estimates that interest expenses will increase by around 5 percent this year compared to 2018 up to RON 13.5 billion, despite the rapid increase in interest spending and interest rates during the last year.
Experts are particularly concerned about the rapid increase of government’s interest expenses. Official data show that interest expense rose by 27.8 percent last year, to RON 12.9 billion, from RON 10.1 billion in 2017.
Higher deficits can make it more difficult for the Romanian government to raise funds in order to finance the public debt.
Romania is already EU’s member state which pays the highest interest rates for its debt. Romania’s sovereign 10-year bonds yield, a barometer for the cost of financing in the economy, is now close to 5 percent, amid growing concerns regarding the health of public finances.
|% increase 2019/2018 RON||Influences
|Ministry of Education||21.011.304||30.829.261||46,7%||9.817.957|
|Ministry of Transport||7.526.055||11.661.614||54,9%||4.135.559|
|Ministry of Health||5.761.983||9.485.561||64,6%||3.723.578|
|Ministry of Internal Affairs||15.199.489||18.467.209||21,5%||3.267.720|
|Ministry of Agriculture||19.801.179||22.764.073||15,0%||2.962.894|
|Ministry of European Funds||802.779||2.271.885||183,0%||1.469.106|
|Ministry of Defence||17.007.300||18.125.001||6,6%||1.117.701|
|General Secretariat of the Government||1.351.903||2.227.539||64,8%||875.636|
|Ministry of Labour||25.065.685||25.589.966||2,1%||524.281|
|Ministry of Finance||4.924.596||5.429.953||10,3%||505.357|
|Ministry of Economy||235.972||620.356||162,9%||384.384|
|Ministry of Research||1.410.919||1.791.824||27,0%||380.905|
|Ministry of Justice||4.002.390||4.257.131||6,4%||254.741|
|Special Communications Service||356.517||604.149||69,5%||247.632|
|Ministry of Foreign Affairs||867.014||1.102.282||27,1%||235.268|
|Ministry of Environment||363.169||529.600||45,8%||166.431|
|Ministry of Regional Development||5.355.807||5.523.500||3,1%||167.693|
|Romanian Information Service||2.331.995||2.444.385||4,8%||112.390|
|Chamber of Deputies||406.643||446.000||9,7%||39.357|
|Foreign Information Service||285.330||309.583||8,5%||24.253|
|MInistry of Tourism||36.779||48.874||32,9%||12.095|
|Ministry of Energy||287.375||250.024||-13,0%||-37.351|
|Ministry of Communications||327.497||261.472||-20,2%||-66.025|
|Ministry of Business Environment||917.648||652.161||-28,9%||-265.487|