Romania has by far the lowest motorization rate among the 28 European union member states, being the only country with less than 300 passenger cars per thousand inhabitants.
According to Eurostat, Romania had 261 cars per 1,000 inhabitants in 2015 – the last reliable figures -, compared with 355 cars in Hungary or 356 in Latvia – the second- and third-lowest rates in the EU.
Amongst the EU member states with the highest ’motorisation rates’ there are several smaller countries.
In 2017, Luxembourg (670 passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitants) headed the list, but this figure may be influenced by cross-border workers using company cars registered in the country.
After that followed Italy with 625 cars per 1,000 inhabitants, Finland (617 cars), Malta (613 cars) and Cyprus (609 cars).
In 2017, the highest number of registered passenger cars was observed in Germany with 46 million cars, followed Italy (37 million cars) and France (32 million cars).
Over the five-year period from 2013 to 2017, there was strong growth in the number of registered passenger cars in several EU member states.
The highest growth over this period was recorded in Slovakia (18 percent), followed by Czechia and Portugal (both 17 percent), Estonia (15 percent), Malta and Hungary (both 14 percent).